Friday, July 14, 2017

The Student’s Guide to Punctuation: Colon

Though their training methods and lecture focus may vary, what all IELTS training facilities will always have in common is their attention to the fundamental grammar rules of English. Any IELTS review center will include the basic principles of the language - not only to strengthen their student's linguistic foundation but also to prepare them for the more complicated aspects of the language.

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This is the reason all the courses offered in the IELTS review center in Baguio delves into the basics of English grammar in their initial classes. IELTS review center instructors will delve into language lessons that most of their students have already learned in their elementary days. To guarantee their students' receptiveness to the other complex English concepts, IELTS review center in Baguio coaches cover everything - from cornerstone topics such as the parts of speech to standard rules such as the subject-verb agreement.

One of the topics that they will discuss is the proper use of punctuation. Though it may seem like an insignificant part of the language, punctuation contributes a lot to the meaning of a sentence. They can be used to subtly separate ideas, incorporate emotion to a passage, or even manipulate how readers can perceive a thought.

The Double Dot: The Colon

A colon heralds a series of elements that complement or reinforce the concept that precedes it. It has more impact compared to the comma and more formality compared to the dash. According to the Elements of Style by William Strunk and E.B. White, a colon should neither divide a verb from its complement nor separate a preposition from its object. It typically gives an introduction.

Example:
Ironically, despite his fame and fortune, he still found himself wanting two things: life and love.


The Functions of a Colon
Introduce a list of elements
Examples:
They were still missing three key ingredients for their apple pie: apples, flour, and sugar.
The library is divided into three sections: the Social Sciences section, the Humanities section, and the Science and Technology section.

Present a quotation
Example:
She ended her speech with a line from the best-selling series Harry Potter: "Happiness can be found even in the darkest of times if only one remembers to turn on the light."

Clarify a previous statement
Example:
We have two options here: cut our losses and accept the offered compensation or take the case to the regional trial court.

Give a distinction between a title and its subtitle
Example:
Practical Guide to Social Media: An Introduction to Facebook and Twitter

Follow the greetings in a formal correspondence
Example:
Dear Mrs. Santos:
Dear Commissioner Thompson:
Aside from the functions mentioned above, a colon can also be used to separate the time notations (hour: minute) and present a Bible verse. Don't take this reference mark for granted and hone your knowledge regarding its proper applications. Enroll in an IELTS review center and learn not only how to avoid misusing the colon but also how to integrate it into your compositions effectively.

REFERENCES:
  • "Colon." Grammarly. Accessed May 11, 2017. https://www.grammarly.com/blog/colon-2/
  • Clark, Roy Peter. The Glamour of Grammar: A Guide to the Magic and Mystery of Practical English. New York: Little, Brown and Co., 2011.
  • Strunk, William, and E. B. White. The Elements of Style. North Charleston, SC: CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform, 2016.

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